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"TO: Major John McDonough DATE: DECEMBER 3, 1943 

From: Henry Field 

Subject: Biographical Sketches of Hitler and Himmler 

In accordance with your request I have given to Kiss Page the 
biographical rketc'-ec rl Hitler and Himnler for copying in 
your office. ) 

Since 7. oin partly responsible for the security involved I must 
soil attention to the Special rwintc-nence of secrecy. 

H. F. 


fr - E - C P.ET ^ C 0 LPT 


>-Semo copy above is from KID/AR file folder on ADOLF HITLSR 
.filed under WASH X-2 FERSONALIT IES #13 '. the folder contains 
1 copy of a 28-page report on HeAnrich Himmler in addition to 
the 6ft-page paper on Hitler of which the attached copy is an 
extra one extracted for inclusion, with memo above, in the 
Hitler 201 file (if not already duplicated therein): 201-93533 
R3D/SP/AN (5Jun6l) 


2000 -7, , . 1 i I "~ • 





December 3» 1942 



Declassified by ----------- 



—2 — 



BACKGROUND . .. .. 4-6 

Family ... 4-6 

EDUCATION i.. 6-11 

Writing 6-7 

Reading .'...«. 7-9 

Concentration 9-10 

Noise . 9 

Silence i... 10 

Conversation 10- 11 

Debate... • 11 

PHYSIQUE 11^ 16 

Personal Appearance 11- 12 

Cleanliness 12 

Endurance . . . 12 

Exercise 12- 13 

Sight 13- 14 

Voice........ 14- 15 

Sleep....... 15 

React ions.. .............. 15- 16 

DIET 16- 19 

Food 16- 18 

DrinB:. 18 

Smoking 18- 19 

-SEGfiEF — 




Music. . 21 - 23 

Dane lag. 23 

Theatre. 24 

Vaudeville * . 24 

Circus........ ...V. 24 


News . ... . 25 

Radio .'• 25 

Movies ■ 25 - 26 

RELIGION 26 - 27 


SEZEAL LIFE. • 29 - 40 

The Vienna Period 29 - 30 


Analysis... . 30 - 36 


Criticism 36 - 40 


Introduction 40 - 42 

Hitler and Messiah..... 42 - 45 

Hitler and Cromwell 46 

Hitler and Frederick the Great 46 - 46 

Hitler and Bluecher 48 - 49 

Hitler and Napoleon ' 49 - 56 



Preparation or Speech 57 " 59 






Speech • 



Oratory •• 

End of Speech 

Avoidance of Names and Personages. 

Exit Technique. . • ■ 

62 - 66 
67 - 68 



- rfcoufci — ■ ■ 


family. - A glance at Hitler* s family tree reveals the 
fact of almost incestuous breeding. Hitler's mother i&ara Poelz 
according to Mrs. Brigid Hitler (mother of Patrick Hitler) had 
Czech blood, besides being a blood relation of her husband, Aloi 
Sohiokelgruber, subsequently legitimized to Hitler. 

Hitler's father was twenty-three years older than his 
" wife and was. fifty-two years old when Adolf Hitler was born in 
1889. All evidence obtainable points to' the fact that this 
marriage was unhappy. The one fadt which seems to emerge from 
the cloud covering this marriage is that Hitler's father was a 
sadist. This fact was learned by Dr. Sedgwick from Mrs. Brigid 
Hitler, the ex-wife of Alois Hitler II, half-brother of Adolf 

She called on Dr. Sedgwick on August 10, 1937, at his 
London home and told him that her ex-husband Alois had described 
his own father as of very violent temper, in the habit of beatin 
his dog until the dog wet the oarpet. He also beat his children 
and upon occasion In a bad temper would go so far as to beat 
his wife Klara. 

The pattern thus becomes clear. On one side was the 
hated father and on the other the suppressed mother, who quite 
possibly enjoyed this treatment, and young Adolf, at this period 
Just reaoh'Ing the age of puberty, and constitutionally opposed 

to his father (of. " Me In Kampf " ) . The result of this domestic 
situation, on Hitler was a mixture of Naroissus and Oedipus com- 

Ther is not the slightest doubt that -Hitler 1 s hyster- 
ical-eyed mother oooupies the oontral position in his whole 
erotic genesis-. She was of the profoundest influence during th< 
period from the age of" fourteen when his father, Alois, died un- 
til his mother* s death when he was nearly twenty. Probably for 
very good reasons these five formative years are practically 
ignored in "Me in Kampf ". The death of his mother, however, is 
referred to as "the greatest loss I ever had." This statement 
was repeated to Dr. Sedgwick in 1923. 

Brigid Hitler is the wife of Alois Hitler II, who is 

seven years older than his half-brother Adolf. Separated from 

her husband, she is now in the United States with her son, Pat- 


rick Hitler, the author of a book, "I hate my Uncle". 

Mrs. Brigid Hitler was born in Dublin during 1894. H 
husband, when last reported, was keeping a restaurant in Berlin 
He was allowed to return to Berlin in 1937 where he opened a 
restaurant on the Kurfuerstendamm near the Kaiser Wilheln^s 
Gedaeohtis-Kirohe, which is frequented by S.A. and S.S. men. 
The name Hitler does not appear in connection with this restau- 
rant, but it is well-known that the proprietor- is a half-brother 
of Hitler, whom- he has seen in the Chancellery. 

During his youth Alois Eitler II had several convicti 
for theft and subsequently went to Dublin where he was a 
waiter and met and married Brigid when she was seventeen 
In 1911. Two years later he was expelled from England on a 
charge of being a souteneur. In "Me In Kampf " Hitler of course 

never mentions his half-brother, Alois H, who' is the skeleton 


in the Hitler family cupboard. 


Hitler has always despised education, having had so 
little himself. He dislikes so much the "Professor Type" that 
in 1932 when it was suggested he should be given a degree by 
the Government of Braunschweig in order to become a German 
citizen he objected. He aid not think it at all funny when 
at the Eaiserhof Hotel Dr. Sedgwick said to him laughingly: 
"V-'ell, now you sre about to become a Professor after allj" 
He decided eventually against this scheme and obtained his 
citizenship by being made Ober-Bagierung's-Rat in Braunschweig 
during February, 1932. . 

He speaks no language other than German and never 
listens to any short-wave from any other country exoept 
German broadcasts from Paris or Moscow. 

Writing.- He writes very few letters himself. He 
writes only in longhand and never uses a typewriter. How- 
ever, he writes notes to accompany flowers for commemorative 

v^fctJHfc r" 7 

He nevers carries either a pencil, pen or paper with 
him and never makes any notes himself, only drawings and 
doodles. These drawings or sleet ones are usually of flags, 
Party sumbols, stage settings, portrait heads and houses w 
His doodles are usually developed out of a square and are 
oolleoted avidly by the official photographer, Heinrich Hoff- 


mann, who intends to edit them at some future time, possible 
after Hitler's death. 

He never consults the calendar nor his date book, 
which is kept by Sohaub and Brueckrler. Hitler often used to. 
say "I have no private life, not even private correspondence. 
Everything is read before I get it. This is the price I 
pay. " 

Reading .- From " Me in Kampf " it is obvious that Hitler 
only reads to confirm his own ideas. He reads only what is 
of "value" to him. Just as in converse t ion people ^hear them- 
selves even in the words of the man who is talking to them-, 
so the majority of readers only read themselves in the books 
they are reading. The power to enter into the world of the . 
author, as Goethe says, is given to very few people. This 
explains in part why the profoundest and the most brilliant 
books have, so little real influence on the mass of readers; 

Hitler is the exemplification on the grand scale 
of this phenomenon. Gifted from childhood with an extra- 
ordinary power of speech, in his reading he is only attracted 


by outstanding examples of rhetoric and historic epigram. 

He has read about Solon, Alexander the Great, Marius, 
Sulla, Brutus , Catilina, Caesar, Henry VIII, Gustave Adolf, 
Frederick the Great, Jesus Christ, Mohammed, Moses, Luther, 
Cromwell, Napoleon, Kutusov, Bluoher, Richard Wagner and 

However, all those, lives he has read -with his interest 
confined to the demagogic, propagandist io and militaristic side. 
Hitler's world is one of action, not contemplation* That is 
why he prefers the dramatic, revolutionary Schiller to the 
Olympian and contemplative Goethe. Biographies which lack a 
note of rebellion and titanic protest against the existent 
world bore him. He considers them saturated, bourgeois stuff • 
For example, when Hitler reads Napoleon's life he is interested 
only in a sort of a film scenario of the parts of the life which 
show action, never in the contemplative side. 

He is always on the look-out for ^he dramatic phrase, 
the happy epigram which he can twist to his own use. • He dis- 
plays in the use of such a phrase a fantastic sense for ca- 
dence, euphony, assonance and alliteration. 

One good phrase or political oatchword is worth :taore 
to him than cartloads of dry exposition and theory. A catch- 
word gives the unthinking mob not only the material for an 
idea, but also furnishes them with the pleasant illusion that 
they are thinking themselves. 


There is only so much room In a brain, so much wall 
spaoe as it were, and If you furnish it with your slogans 
the opposition has no place to put up any pictures later on, 
because the apartment of the brain is already crowded with 

In modern history It is the lives of Oliver Cromwell, 
Frederick the Great, Napoleon and Bluecher which have interested 
Hitler the most since childhood. ( See pp. 42-56). 

Concentration .- Hitler will listen attentively to any- 
thing he likes to hear, but if the subject is unpleasant, he 
will look at a picture paper and pay as little attention as. 
possible. He often reads Party Reports himself and concen- 
trates on them while he is. so doing, provided that they in- 
terest him. He avoids reading Reports , and desk work as much 
as possible almost to the point of negligence. His entourage 
Is in a continuous state of despair on account off his pro- 
crastination in dealing with this desk work. These protests 


of his staff he never takes seriously. Hitler says: "Problems 
are not solved by getting fldgetty. If the time is ripe the 
matter* will be settled one way or another." 

Noise. -He is extraordinarily Impervious to noise. 
While he reads the papers, boisterous conversation does not 
annoy him, : rather the contrary, because he likes to Jbe able 
to overhear what is being said. A constant buzz of many 
voices is to him almost like a substitute for going out into 
the world and seeing what Is going on for himself. 

Silence .- Hitler has a great capacity for silence. 
In the train or automobile from Berlin to Munich ho would 
say only perhaps a few words during the entire journey. He 
would be thinking and planning. 

Conversation .- During meals he is apt to let the 
conversation be general, but after an hour of two he starts 
a monologue . These monologues form part of a -fixed reper- 
toire. They will be of a finished perfection like phonograph 
-records - the favorite ones being: "When I was in Vienna" and 
"Y/han I was a soldier", "When I was in prison", m £hen I was ■ 
the leader in the early days of the Party," and so forth. 

He frequently gets onto the subject of fiiohard 

Wagner and the opera. Noone interrupts these encore - 

rhapsodies. He carries on with these until the guests 

finally break down and must retire, because they can no 


longer keep their eyes open. * . . 

The guests, which consisted overwhelmingly of women, 
listened enraptured. At the end there was not a dry seat in 
the audience. 

He hardly ever mentions his collaborators when they 
aireynot present. He does not tolerate gossip, except pos- 
sibly at Goebbels' house very late at night or at Heinrioh 
Hoffmann's house in Munich. 

Debate.- During an argument he has an Incredible 
lucidity. He is concise and knows how to present his case 
like a sputtering machine gun. Ihe cadenoes of his sen- 
tences are irresistibly shaped; they have a piercing power. 
No other orator has ever made such an impression on Dr. 


Personal Appearanoe .- He is meticulous about his 

personal appearance and will never remove his ooat In 

public - no matter how warm he feels. He allows noone to 

see him in his bath or see him naked. In his dress he 

is always very conventional and takes the advice of his 

tailor. He puts on the clothes that are laid out Cor him 

by Schaub without any fusslness. He never uses perfume. 

Dr. Sedgwick at various times brought back from England 


Xardley's lavender-smelling-salts, whioh he would use when 
fatigued by very long speeches or during trips by plane to 
get away from the smell of gasoline. Hitler always objected 
to Dr. Sedgwick's use of perfume and twitted him about it. 
Hitler disapproved of Dr. Sedgwick's giving lavender salts 
to Angela Hltler-Raubal, his sister, who was the mother of 
Geli Raubal who shot herself. 

In 1923 Dr. Sedgwick; who disliked Hitler's little 
mustache, tried to convinoe him of its ugliness arguing 
that it should extend to the full width of the mouth. Dr. 


-12- "8r;art- 

Sedgwick said: "Look at the portraits by Holbein and Van 
Dyck, the old masters would never have dreamt of such an 
ugly fashion!" Hitler replied: "Do not worry about my 
mustache. If it is not the fashion now, it will be later 
because I wear it!" 

Cleanliness .- He is strict about bathing himself and 
likes a tub. He shoves himself every day. Onoe' a week the 
barber trims his moustache, and his hair is out at regular 
intervals. Arrangements for these matters are in the hands 
of Sannenberg. A local barber, an old Party member, is 
generally employed. 

Endurance .- Hitler is quite robust and has a good 
deal of physical endurance. In 1932 he and his staff , often 
worked twenty hours a day for weeks on end. He seemed to 
stand it better than his staff as it was he who was setting 
the pace. After a long and heavy day and missingfone or two 
meals he always insists on his chauffeurs and staff eating 
first and he himself will eat last. If food is placed before 
him by some enthusiastic waitress he will carry it himself 
to the chauffeurs. 

Exercise .- He is completely uninterested in either 
indoor or outdoor games. He takes no exercise other than 
walking and this at irregular intervals. . His pacing of 
the room is frequent and done a la marcia, to a tune which 

he whistles. He never walks the length of the room but 
always diagonally from corner to oorner - possibly a habit 
oontraoted when a prisoner in Landsberg. 

While, he was .imprisoned in Landsberg, Hess organized 

■ 1 

games and exercise for 'the prisoners but Hitler refused to 
take part saying that it would be undignified for him to do 
so, and "bad for general discipline." For exax&l.e, Hitler 
said: "A Fuehrer cannot stopp to such informality. I must 
always keep up distance from the entourage." 

While he has considerable knowledge of the workings 
of a car or an airplane he has never learnt to drive either. 
He is fond of automobile riding as a means of getting privacy, 
fresh air - and sleep. When the weather is bad he does not 
go put. However, if he has any engagement he disregards the 
elements. In any parade he uses an open car regardless of 
the weather. He demands the same of his entire entourage. 

Hitler says: "We are not bourgeois but soldiers." 

Sight .- To be with Hitler, particularly at night, 
is an ordeal for people with sensitive eyes. Dr* Sedgwick 
was sometimes driven to distraction in the early hours of the 
morning by the brilliant light Hitler always insists on 
having all round him. Dr. Sedgwick was forced to the con- 
elusion that' Hitler's eyes were not normal, which might 
have been oaused by gas poisoning in the Fall of 1918 when 

he almost went blind. This factor very likely cones into 
play in his artistic tastes and in the manner in which he 
judges paintings. Only very bright colors really satisfy 
him. Up to 1937 he never wore glasses of any kind or any 
protection against sun glare, even in the snow. Of late 
Dr. Sedgwick understands that on account of headaches 
caused by his eyes he has had to follow the advice of his 
physicians and now wears reading glasses. He probably re- 
sisted this as long as it was possible for him to do so. 
Partly from vanity and partly through his contempt for the 
"Professor Type" spectacles have always been a nightmare 
for him. 

Voioe.- His voice possesses a typically Austrian 
metallic sonority and timbre. In general he talks softly' 
but he is quite capable on occasion of launching out into 
a forceful speech even with only one or* two people present. 
The cliche story of his screaming loudly is not true and 
is much exaggerated. Contradiction in public rarely in- 
duces very loud replies. It is different during office 
hours; - then anything may lead to a "grande . scene" and he 
will lose his temper. 

He has special drinks made for him before and after 
a speech to soothe his voice and probably now has his throat , 
sprayed regularly before speaking. 

Speaking is really his chief form of exercise and 
after a speech he will be bathed in perspiration. He is 
probably only happy and restful when he has taiked himself 
to the point of swooning from exhaustion. 

Sleep .- He sleeps very badly since his imprisonment 
at Landsberg. He takes some sleeping draft every night. He 


goes' to bed as late as possible and when his £ast friends 
leave him exhausted at two or three in the morning or even 
later it is almost as though he were afraid to be alone. 

Sometimes he Is unable to sleep until dawn. However, 
he usually manages to sleep until ten when he receives his 
two secretaries of State, Lammers and Funk. He dislikes 
oentral heating in the bedroom and in winter has a stove 
made of Dutch tiles (Kachelofen, ) 

Reactions .- He Is a mixture between a fox and a wolf. 
He plays the 'fox as long a possible und sometimes even a 
lamb but in. the end the- end the wolf is always ready to emerge. 
It is interesting that 1 in the early days of 1920 up to 1933 
his secret name for telephone messages and in the conversa- 
tions of his friends was "Wolf. Frau V?innifred Wagner still 
calls him by this name. 

He is astonishingly brave. In the year 1923 certain 
phases of the Party were decided by street fighting In which 
he was always courageous. After his Imprisonment in Landsberg 


he was continually In increasing danger of assassination. 
He does not particularly seek out danger, but if he decides 
that a thing must be done, he calmly thinks out the pre- 
cautions to be taken and then goes through with the job 
absolutely fearlessly. 

It is a perfectly conscious bravery. He "remains 
calm and collected even In emergencies and knows exactly 
the best method of checkmating his enemies. He .faces 
physical pain also with exemplary courage. He is very much 
afraid of the water and cannot swim. 


good .- He abstains almost completely from meat. 
Upon rare occasions he eats a little chicken with rice 
or smoked salmon as an appetizer. In 1932 Dr.. Sedgwick 
had occasion to watch his diet very closely: Hitler would 
get up In the morning around 9:30 and breakfast on an apple, 
hot milk or very weak coffee with rolls, butter and marmalade. 

This breakfast was followed by doses of medicine 
administered to him by his valet-secretary, Julius. Schaubj . 
a former pharmacist's apprentice. Schaub today as then -is 
in charge of Hitler's home medicine chest, which oonslsts 
of two classes of drugs: sleeping powders for the night.; 


and digestive powders with which he starts the day and which 
are taken after every meal. Luncheon is supposed to be at 
1 p.m. However, ITitler is almost invariably one and half 
to two hours late - which drives his major-domo, Kannenberg 
to despair. Hitler practically never has a normal appetite- 
in Berlin but it improves markedly at Berchtesgaden. 

Otto Dietrich, who suffers from a weak digestion, 
often left his offioe at 1.0, went across to the Kaiserhof 
and returned half an hour later having had luncheon. He would 
then wait for hitler to arrive. While in Berlin the slightest 
pretext would be welcomed by Hitler as an excuse for still 
further postponing luncheon. He would usually have some soup, 
generally pea soup or tomato soup with parmesan, followed by 
a special dish of omelette with asparagus tips or mushrooms, 
spinaoh or cauliflower, and a green salad. 

At Berchtesgaden he has Bavarian dishes such as 
yellow boletus mushrooms with dumplings i.e. "steinpilze 
mit knoedel." 

For dessert he prefers Austrian pastries, pancakes 
or some cooked farinaceous dish. 

At five o*olook he drinks coffee or tea with rum 
of medium strength with baum-torte, linzer torte, nuss torte, 
chokoladen-torte, or toast. 


He cannot resist dissolving really good chocolates 
in his coffee. 

In the evening he is supposed to dine at eight 
o'olock but it Is rare for him to get to it until nine 
or later. The evening meal is similar to luncheon usually 
a vegetable plate i.e. ,, gemueseplatte ,, . 

Drink .- Beer and wine drinking he gave.^up after his 
imprisonment in Landsberg. If he gets a cold he will some- 
times take hot tea with rum in it. In July, 1934, Dri 
Sedgwick brought him back some Jamaica rum. He said he would 
use It, but only when he had a cold. Kis private doctor 
is a frequent guest at his table. It was this young doctor, 
who in the summer of 1933 saved Brueekneis's life after his 
automobile accident in Berohtesgaden. Hitler then decided 
to have a private doctor always near him in order to per- 
form any necessary operation on the spot. HitlcrT said: 
"A good doctor on the spot is easily as important as a whole 
platoon of guards.* 

Smoking .- As a soldier Hitler smoked and drank beer* 
However, by 1922 and even earlier he had stopped what little 
smoking he had done. The motive given was "to increase his 
capacity as a speaker and his general efficiency." If he is 
not going to make a speech he tolerates smoking around him, 


- 19 - 

and even keeps supplies of smokes for Ms friends. Smoking 
Is never permitted during his speeches. This is also true 
for the great Party rallies held outdoors at Nuernberg. How- 
ever, at these smoking is considered bad etiquette and hence 
never permitted. Hitler inwardly sides with the purists and 
abstainers. In this he was backed up by Hess and the Spartan 
program of living. Inwardly Hitler always resented Roehn^s 
epicurean habits and opulent Havana cigars. . 

If people ask him regarding his ascetic life Hitler 
replies: "If I once find that a thing is not good for me, 
then I stop eating it^ As I know that meat, beer and nicotine 

injure and impair my constitution, I don*t indulge in them 


any more. Such a decision is taken once, and for always. 
Is that so wonderful?" 

Hitler and Hiramler decided that the be*st method 
would be that the police should alternate - one looking at 
the procession and one looking into the crowd. The pro- 
cession itself must be convoyed in the style desoribed to 
Hitler by Dr. Sdegwick as that used by U. S. Secret Police 
for the protection of Woodrow Wilson. The system consists 
of motor cycles on the right and left of the central oar, 
and two police cars following the car of the personage. 
Hitler S. S. police oars have strict orders to accelerate 
and run down anyone who emerges from the crowd. 

Hitler always site in the front seat next to the 
chauffeur. This gives him the protection of a bullet- 
proof glass windscreen in .front, the chauffeur on one 
side, and members of the armed entourage behind him in 
the oar. He is against armed men on the running board 
as he thinks it looks overcautious to the crowd and also 
detracts from the triumphant and joyful note which his 
appearance should elicit. 

Hitler has said that too clumsy a display of pre- 
cautionary measures indicates a lack of security and sug- 
gests to the crowd a kind, of guilty weakness whioh would 
leave an odious impression. To Ilimmler he once referred to 
this overemphasis on his personal safety as giving a picture 
of a " Tyrann auf Reisen ". 

When he is in residence at Berchtesgaden he goes 
for country walks in Indian file, with five or sfx armed 
guards in oivilian clothes in front and five or six behind* 

On both sides of this cavalcade armed patrols 
cover the flanks at a distance of about one hundred paces. 
These walks are always in the afternoon, never -in the 

The fact is that since 1933 and even earlier the 
guarding of his person has' beoome such an important problem 
that he is virtually a prisoner and he knows it. This 
results in a desire to escape from this imprisonment either 
by seeing friends, moving pictures or riding in an automobi- 


- 21 

Hitler one a said to Dr. Sedgwiok: "If you come down 
to it, I am very much in the position of the Pope, who for 
similar and other reasons has to remain, confined in the Vatican. 
That is why the whole quadrangle of the Wilhelmstrasse must 
sooner or later be added to the Reichskanlei area and sur- 
rounded with colonnades for walking in bad weather. That. 


would hold good also for my successor and his successors 
This was said at the Reiehskanzlei in the summer of 1934 
with what seemed a special emphasis for Goering, who was sit- 
ting at his right, 


All his domestic diversions are planned by Eerr Artur 
Eannenberg. In 1934 Kannenberg was in tears about the ever- 
lasting horseplay of Brueckner and the other members of Hitler's 
entourage and finally Dr. Sedgwick was asked if. he could not 
find a job for him in the United States. f 

Kannenberg is a fat, witty Berliner who can sing 
and play the piano. He is in charge of the kitohens and. 
he and his wife cook and test everything for Hitler* 

Music - The musio disliked by Hitler is mainly 
confined to the Classics, particularly musio by Bach, 
Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven and Brahms. To these 
renderings he listens only with relative attention. 


He enjoys gypsy music, rhapsodies and czardas 
also music by Liszt and the dreamy music of Grieg. Wagner, 
Verdi and certain pieces by Chopin and Richard Strauss 
delight him. 

Music which does not lift him out of his seat 
by its sensuous appeal leaves him cold. About 85 per cent 
of Hitler's preferences in music are the normal program 
music in Viennese cafes. It is doubtless the vagabond in 
Hitler*s make-up which gives him such a kick out of Liszt. 
The changes from dejection to triumph are what makes him 
like Magyar music such as the Rakocszy. 

The Viennese musio of the Lehar and Johann Strauss 
type was only appreciated by Hitler after he came to power. 

Tristan acts as a dope to him. If he is facing an 
unpleasant situation he likes to have Keistersinger played 
to him. Sometimes he would reoite entire passages of the 
Lohengrin text. Dr. Sedgwick was amazed to find that he 
knew the whole thing by heart, probably memories from his 
early Viennese days. 

He also uses a gramophone for his favorite operas. 
He is partial to Verdi operas which he really knows very 

In 1923 he adored American football marches and 
college songs. . The " Sieg Hell l* used in all political rallies 


, ! 


is a direct copy of tlie technique used by American football 
cheer leaders. American College type of music was used to 
excite the German masses who had been used to very dry-as- 
. dust political lectures. 

Hitler's technique of arriving late for almost all 
rallies was designed to give the crowd time to get worked 
up by the martial music and to get acquainted with one 

Hitler rarely attended concerts but often went to 
the opera. He does not like to sit in a row; he must have 
his. own private box. 

Music Is more to him a period of rest and thought 
than a pleasure. It has a triple funotion: to isolate him 
from the world; relaxation; and excitement - spur to action. 

In difficult times Goebbels resorts not infrequently 
to doping Hitler with speeches of all vintages by Hitler. 
This never fails to put him into a good humor. 

Dancing .' Hitler never dances himself. He considers 
it unworthy of a Statesman, but is more than willing to watch 
others for a time. This may be associated with an inner desire 
for erotic adventure by proxy* The demi-mondaine character of 
the women in question do not by any means lower his sense of 

- 2 <T . -t-crtfiF- 

Theatre .- He very rarely rrent to the theatre. 
Yaudevllle .- He likes vaudeville^ 

Cirous .- He loves the circus. The thrill of under- 
paid performers risking their lives is a real pleasure to 
him. He is particularly pleased with tight* rope aots and 
trapeze artists. After his imprisonment in Landsberg he 
came to lunch at Dr. Sedgwick's house in 1925_and when Dr. 
Sedgwick was called to the telephone he said to Mrs. Sedgwick: 
"Now we'll have to try all over again, but this time you can 
be certain that I won't fall from- the tight rope J" 

During the summer of 1933 be went several times to 
the circus and on the next day he would send flowers and to the value of several hundred marks to the girls, 
who had performed dangerous feats before him. He remembere.d 
the names of these people and in the event of an accident to 
one of them would cbnoern himself with what happened to 
them or to their surviving relatives. Upon one occasion 
after reading the account in a newspaper he sent a message 
of sympathy to the family of a trapeze artist who was killed 
during her act. (Nb. The appeal of the non-bourgeois - "the 
gypsy milieu of circus artists.") 

He does not care much' for wild animals aots, unless 
there is a woman in danger. 


News .- has a consuming passion to learn the 
latest news. If someone comes into the room with a handful 
of newspapers, he will stop abruptly the most important con- 
versation and snatch the papers to find out the latest nev.-s. 
He has realized for many years that almost all information, 
no matter how varied or how apparently unimportant, can serve 
his own purposes at some particular moment, 1 

When he goes to bed he always takes an armful of 
illustrated periodicals, including American magazines and 
quantities of magazines on Naval and Military matters. 

Radio . - He has a radio in all the prinoipal rooms 
and on every floor. These are generally worked by Xannenberg, 
Goebbels or Sohaub. Whenever Mussolini broadoasts Goebbels 
arranges for Hitler to listen. He derives profound pleasure 
from the Italian pronunciation, ennunciation, and the dramatic 
oratory of II Duce. r 

Here as in music the same holds true: What is 
full of fire, life and drama fascinates him. What Is not 
dramatic does not interest Hitler. 

Movies.- Almost every night or every other night 
Hitler sees a picture In his private theatre In tne 
Chancellery- Goebbel6 secures for him pictures which are 
forbidden to be shown publicly in Germany. These .consist 

mainly of foreign motion pictures yrhioh might cause Com- 
munistic and other demonetrations during the performance. 

He enjoys nev/sreels, particularly those featuring 
himself. He likes comedies and will laugh heartily at a 
Jewish comedian. He even likes a Jewish singer and will say 
afterward that it is too bad he or she Is not arl Aryan! 

Movies are made of political prisoners and exe- 
cutions and this satisfies his sadistic instincts. There 
Is reason to believe that Heinrioh Hoffmann also shows him 
pornographic photographs and movies. 

He was particularly interested in the film of the 
murder of Marseilles of King Alexander and Jean Louis 
Barthou. Prime Minister of France. With Eimmler at his 
side he saw the picture twice at one sitting in order to 
analyze the mistakes made by the French Surete. He decided 
that these errors were: the use of Mounted Police; and 
Police armed with sabers. At such a moment horses only 
cause panic and do not get quickly enough to the root of 
the trouble. The streets were also Insufficiently guarded 
on the sidelines by policemen. 


Hitler believes In the method of the Catholic. Church 
which knows how to build up a mental world, by a constant 
and periodic repetition throughout the ghurch year of certain 

passages in the Scriptures. This leads to these ohapters 
assuming a slogan- like concentration in the brains of the 

The brain of the good Catholic is so furnished with 
slogans that his reaction to any experience is practically 

Eis totalitarian anti-Christianism was due to the 
Hess - Rosenberg influence during his imprisonment. For 
ten years after Hitler 1 s release there was no outward ex- 
pression of this feeling until his appointment of Rosenberg 
in 1934 as supreme inspector for the spiritual - political 
training of all German youth. On that day Hitler threw off 
the mask whioh he had worn until then. He decided to abandon 
the Christian symbolism of Richard Wagner (of. Wagner's 
Parsifal) as well as H. S. Chamber lain * s "Christian Aesthetic 
Conservatism." * 


The curious change which I had noticed in Hitler 
after his release from Landsberg at Christma^. 1924 became 
gradually clearer to me. He had been there with Roehm and 
Hess and had become very intimate with both of them. Young 
Hess particularly was in bis thoughts the whole time. "If 
only I could get him out of Landsberg," he- used- to say, 
"Mein hesserl." "I can't forget the way his eyes filled 
with tears when I left the fortress. The poor fellow." 


- 28 - 

I had noticed when visiting Hitler at the fortress 
that he was on "du" terms with Rudolf Hess, but it was 
curious to note that after Hess's release in 1926 he 
dropped the "du" and always referred to Hitler as M Mein 
Fuehrer". In fact it was Hess who consciously began building 

up the equivalent of a Duoe-cult rampant in Italy. This 


was disagreeable to the old members of the Party who continued 
to use the familiar, informal "Herr Hitler" as a mode of 
addressing him. It was at this time that Hitler's admiration 
for Mussolini reached its height. 

In addition to translating the Mussolini-Duoe cult 
into terras of a "Mein Fuehrer Cult" Hess tried, evidently 
with some success, to imbue Hitler afresh with the Geopoli- 
tical theories and doctrines emanating from the study of 
the Bavarian retired General, Professor Max Hausbtofer. Among 
these theories the most important leitmotiv was tfhe central 
position reserved for the Japanese Empire and Nipponese power- 
potentialities in the Paoifio Ooean. To Haushofer the future 
of the twentieth. century was going to be largely determined 
J by the expansion of the Japanese people and their Empire. 

Another faotor whloh quite evidently dates back 
to the Landsberg prison period of Hitler is the proba- 
bility that during this period of Isolation and sexual 
privation an affinity with Hess began to crystallize which 
to my mind might have possibly bordered on the sexual. 


After Roehm's assassination (June 30, 1934) when I 
learned of Hess's nickname among homosexual members of the 
party was "Fraeulein Anna" and that it was notorious that he 
had attended balls dressed in female attire — my thoughts re- 
turned to the Landsberg period ten years earlier. It was 
only then that certain hitherto unsuspected and unnoticed 


ominous traits in Hitler's character began to, occupy my 
attention. It was then — after Roehm's assassination — that 
small driblets of information reaching me from time to time 
compelled me to regard Hitler as a sado-masochistic type of 
man with possibly even a homosexual streak in him, (Cf. Hess 
and von Schirach, etc. — all of them abnormal). When in 
March, 1937 I showed Hitler's' handwriting to Jung at Zuerich, 
he said dryly: "Hinter dieser Schrift ist niohts als ein 
grosses ^eib." 1 * . 

The Vienna Period .- Hitler's stay in "Vienna began in 
1909. This was the first time in his life that he became 
acquainted with metropolitan prostitution. Reading between 
the lines of "Me in Kampf" it is quite possible to suppose 
that at this time he became infected with some venereal 
disease by a Jewish prostitute. 

T. "Behind this handwriting I recognize the typical ~ ' r ~*" 
characteristics of a man with essentially feminine 


- 30 - 

The Men* s Hostel called "Maennerhelm Briftlttenan 

in Vienna had, Dr. Sedgwick believes, the reputation of 
being a place where elderly men went in search of young 
men for homosexual pleasures. 3 - 

It is probable that these typeB of old roues and 
young gigolos became familiar to the young Adolf at this time 


whioh would account for his relative lack of genuine disgust 
with them up to the present time. 

During this so-called "Vienna-period" Mrs. Brigid 
Hitler states that Adolf Hitler saw a great deal of his 
criminal half-brother Alois II, who was bumming around Vienna. 
In Dr. Sedgwick's opinion it is unlikely that Hitler indulged 
in any homosexual relationship at this time but rather repre- 
sented, as he does today, the type of egocentric and masturbic 
Narcissus with the oraving for the unfindable woman and occa- 
sional hysterical outbursts of a sado-masochistfc nature. 

Analysis .- His sex life is dual as is hiB political 

outlook. He is both homosexual and hetero-sexual; both 

Socialist and fervent Nationalist; both man and woman. While 

the true Adolf Hitler is elusive to the diagnostician, there 

are certain facts whioh prove that his sexual situation is 

untenable and even desperate. There seem to be psychic if 

TZ This information was given to Dr. Sedgwick in 1938 by •• 
a member of the former Dollfuss regime, Herr von Seidler, 
who is now in the U.S.A. 

- 31 - tjCGfiep- 

not also physical obstacles which make real and complete 
sexual fulfillment ever impossible. 

In general, what he seeks is half-mother and half- 

sweetheart. Since 1933 t however, he also obtains esthetic 

% ■ 

satisfaction from adolesoent boys or girls. However; above 
all the dominant factor remains, which is frustration, be- 
cause of not finding the woman he needs in everyday life 
he has escaped into brooding isolation, and artiflcally 
dramatized public life. 

For example, obvious prostitutes barely admitted 
to the Kaiserhof Hotel were fervently admired by him pro- 
vided that they appeared in couples or with a man. A soli- 
tary woman is usually ignored by him unless he is in a large 
orowd and can send an A. D.C. to find out her identity. He 
always wishes to be a speotator. * 

"Do you know", he onoe said to Dr. Sedgwick in 
1923 1 "the audience at the circus is just like a woman. 1 
Someone who does not understand that intrinsically feminine 
character of the mass will never be an effective speaker. 
Ask yourself what does a woman expect from a man? Clearness, 
deoision, power, action. Like a woman the masses fluctuate 

T\ "Die Masse, das Volk ist wie ein Weib." ~ 


- 32 - , tk±H-fct~"^ 

between extremes. What we want is to get the masses to act. 
This oan obviously not be done with an appeal to their self- 
ishness nor to their cowardioe, but by an appeal to their, 
idealism, their courage and their spirit of sacrlfioe. Y/ho 
has more the spirit of sacrifioe than a woman? If she is 
talked to properly she will be proud to sacrifice, because 


no woman will ever feel that her life's sacrifices have re- 
ceived their due fulfillment. " 

Once Dr. Sedgwick asked him: n Why don't you marry 
and fool your enemies?" 

Hitler answered: "Marriage is not for me and never 
will be. My bnly bride is my Motherland." Then seemingly 
with no sequence of ideas he added: "There are two ways by 
which a man's character may be judged, by the woman ho marries, 
and then by the way he dies." 

In 1923, when Dr. Sedgwick once playfully said: 
"If not a bride you ought to have a mistress." Hitler 
replied: "Politics is a woman; he who loves her unhappily 
she bites off his head".^ 

Some time later while speaking of women Hitler Occas- 
ionally quoted the Russian proverb. "If you go to a woman 
don't, forget your whip." This was said with the idea that 

T~. "Die Pbli.tik ist ein Weib, wer sie ungluoklioh llebt,- 
dem beisst sie den Kopf ab." 


- 33 - <m*.t-i— — 

roan should be, the master of the erotio situation. Anyone who 
has ever seen Hitler talking in a bashful and puerile way 
to a woman would easily be led to believe that in marriage 
he would be the underdog, but that is manifestly- wrong. 
It would seem that the whip plays some mysterious role in 
his relationship to women. In Dr. Sedgwick'' s opinion during 
almost fifteen years of association with Hitler," the whip 
with which Hitler loves to gestioulate figures as a kind 
of substitute or auxiliary symbol for his missing sexual 
potency. All this wielding of the whip seems to be connected 
with a hidden desire on the part of Hitler for some state 
of erection which would overoome his fundamental sexual in- 
feriority complex. The truth is that Hitler is in all prob- 
ability still in the stage of puberty, and still ^n the 
essential meaning of the word a virgin. 

Whether Hitler's habit of carrying and gesticulating 
with a whip, even while talking to a woman, is a memory-residue 
of his whip-carrying, sadistic father must be left an open 
question. It certainly forms a curious phenomenon that the 
•whip-motive' occurs so frequently in Hitler's erotic and 
political technique and that it links itself, consciously 
or unconsciously, with another of his complexes; " The 
Messiah-Complex " . What is meant will be seen from the fol- 
lowing incident. 

■In June, 1923, Dr. Sedgwick visited Berchtesgaden 
at Hitler's invitation but at his own expense. At that time 
"Hitler owned no house there but was staying at the Pension 
Moritz, whose Manager was Herr Buechner, a German flyer of 
World War I and who had a strikingly buxom six root tall, 
blonde wife, whloh made her taller than Hitler. t This rather 
vulgar, sensuous, blue-eyed woman had manifestly succeeded in 
completely inflaming Hitler to a degree that made him seem 
entirely beyond himself. His breath was short, his cheeks 
feverish, his eyes filled with exaltation. In a swash- 
buckling manner Hitler was strutting up and down the large 
verandah and garden, swinging his whip. He would stop now 
and again to talk to Frau Buechner, whip in hand, punctuating 
his sentences with the whip in a schoolboy fashion. He was 
obviously showing off talking at Frau Buechner add the numerous 
"gallery" of admiring females, all Party adherent's. He made, 
however, no impression on Frau Buechner. On and on he went, 
through the whole afternoon aoting the desperado, the wild 
man, the man of destiny. The whole performance seemed hope- 
lessly pubescent and empty. 

Anton Drexler and his wife who were simple, nice 
people did not like this spectaole. Drexler was one of the 
founders- of the Party and his wife one of the most important 

women members. They thought it undignified and scandalous and 
especially so because Frau Buechner was a married woman which 
gave to the whole thing an adulterous aspect. But there v/as 
•another person, present, who also criticized Hitler, Dietrioh 
Eckart, the poet. He was a fairly large, stoutish man with 
an impressive, bald head, small, twinkling eyes, a stentorian 


voice and a soft Bavarian heart. He was entirely a man of 
the world and a free-thinker,, but nonetheless was revolted 
by Hitler* s exhibitionism. It so happened that a shortage 
of rooms that night obliged him to share his room with Dr. 
Sedgwick. When they retired in the evening he poured forth 
the following: "You ought to have been here yesterday. 
You ought to have been here this morning. The way Adolf 
is carrying on now goes beyond me.* There's nothing you 
can tell him any more. The man is plainly crazy.- Yfelking 
up and down with his whip, talking to that sillyicow, Frau 
Buechner, he went so far as to describe his last visit to 
Berlin. Hitler said: "Y/hen I came to Berlin a few weeks 
ago and looked at the traffic in the Kurfuerstendamm, the 
luxury, the perversion, the iniquity, the wanton display, 
and the Jewish materialism disgusted me so thoroughly, that 
I was almost beside myself. I nearly imagined myself to be 
Jesus Christ when he came to his Father T s Temple and found 



201 FILE. 



The day after his conversation with Dietrich fickart, 
Dr. Sedgwiok left the Pension Moritz. He was accompanied on 
his walk down to Berchtesgaden by Hitler and some of his 
friends but not by Eckart. Hitler must have felt that Eckart 
had been oriticizing him. Soom after they started Hitler 
turned the conversation onto Eckart. 


"Dietrich Eckart has really become an,.pld pessimist," 
Hitler said, "a senile weakling, who has fallen in love with 
this girl Annerl, who is thirty years younger than him. He. 
is as undecided as Hamlet or rather he is like Ibsen's "Peer 
Gynt", which he translated only too well, a man who never 
knows what he wants. Schopenhauer has done Eckart no good. 
He has made him a doubting Thomas, who only looks forward to 
a Nirvana. Where would I get if I listened to all his trans- 
cendental talk? A nice ultimate wisdon that I To^reduce 
oneself to a minimum of desire and will. Once wiCl is gone 
all id gone. This life is War." 

He raved on and on against Eckart, partly because 
Eckart had shown his disapproval of Hitler oomparing himself 
to the Messiah, and partly because Hitler was furiously 
envious of Eckart" 8 having fallen in love with a young girl. 

The conversation changed and Hitler started to whistle 
the "Swan Song" from Lohengrin. He did this in a ourious soft 
tremolo, which he kept up both breathing in and out. Then 

- 37 - 


.3 8 . ~S E GR£T — 

again followed outbursts against Eckart whom he called an old 
fool as though he wanted to make sure to discredit absolutely 
anything Kokart might hove said to Dr. Sodgwiok, who was there~ 
by made all the more certain that what Eckart had said was 

There waa another cause for Hitler* s raving in that 
way and trying to discredit Dietrich Eokart. Anton Drexler 
and his wife had been up at the Pension Moritz and together 
with Dietrich Eckart and others they had been discussing the 
past and the future of the Party. They had all agreed that 
so far the year 1923 had not succeeded in achieving the 
results which Hitler had prophecied. 

At that time there was a large conservative majority 
of small bourgeois elements, headed by the Drexlers, who 
objected to the lawless and revolutionary course' ^which Hitler 
and Rosenberg were pursuing. They were dissatisfied with 
Hitler* s continual promises of securing power in Bavaria in 
the course of a few weeks. These promises, given in the 
middle of January, 1923, when the French had occupied the Ruhr, 
were constantly renewed for the succeeding five months. 

People like Drexler, Esser, Eckart, and Feder had begu: 
to see that Hitler's plans for immediate and violent action 
were attracting an increasing bunoh or desperados to the Party 
instead of substantial Socialists from t he working class who 
wanted t o build up the Party machine throughout Germany until 
power could be obtained through sheer weight of numbers with 
relatively little violence. _QjTOni 

These malcontents had seen clearly tho intention of 
Hitler which was to copy the methods of Mussolini, who had 
some months previously succeeded in his "Maroh on Rome". 
However, they also remembered that the March on Rome was far 
better prepared, by a Party numerically enormously stronger, 
headed by suoh men as Michel Bianohi, Italo BaLbo, General 


de Bono find General de Veoohi, and that the U&jph was under- 
taken on the taoit invitation of Victor Emmanual III. The 
March succeeded in being carried out bloodlesaly because of 
its very careful preparation. Eckart said to Dr. Sedgwick: 
"Suppose we even succeeded in taking Munich by a Putsch, 
Munich is not Berlin. It would lead to nothing but ultimate 

It was at this time that the German and Continental 
opposition press began to speak of Hitler as the*' vest-pocket 
Mussolini, making fun of his failures to take ov&r power on 
May 1, 1923, when the National Socialist feattralionB had to be 
hastily disarmed by Captain Roehm. It was this lack of actual 
power and lack of support which made a maroh on Berlin 
militarily impossible and whioh drove Hitler to see himself 
in the role of the Messiah with a scourge marching on "that 
Babel of sin" (Berlin) at the head of a small gang of des- 
perados, who would inevitable be followed by more and more 
of the dissatisfied elements throughout the Reioh. 

- 40 - 

' i 

Hitler quoted the motto of Prinoe Eugen of Savoy 
which Dr. Sedgwick had shown him some months before: "You 
speak of the lack of support - that is no reason to hesitate, 
when the hour is ripe. Let us maroh, then supporters 
find themselves." 

Even then as later Hitler refused to accept the 
advice of the conservative parliamentarian elements within 
the Party, knowing well that any compromise with them would 
nullify his dreams of being Germany^ future Messiah. "Alles 
oder nichts"... 



Introduction .- The purpose of the following expose 
is to show the important role of auto-suggestion in the career 
of Hitler. r 

Himself, only one of the many unknown soldiers, Hitler 
made it known early that while in the infirmary of Pasewalk 
(Fall of 1918) he received a command from another world above 
to save his unhappy country. This vocation reached Hitler in 
the form of a supernatural vision. He decided to become a 
politician then and there. He felt that his mission was to 
free Germany. In fulfilling this mission Hitler has made 
use of a number of self- identifications. 


- 41 - -^E6R-c— 

A. The first noticeable identification pattern was 
that of the "drummer". 

At a number of meetings which took place at the be- 
ginning of the year 1923, Hitler would refer to himself as the 
drummer marching ahead of a great movement of liberation to 
come. He had the idea that his role was that, of an announcer 


of a new epoch. The great leader was to come sxpe day. He did 
not yet see himself as this leader. There was a note of subser- 
vience to General Luedendorff and the military caste. 

It was about this time that Dr. Sedgwick advised Hitle 
to study the Lutheran Bible, which as well as being the equivalen 
of the well-tempered clavichord in German literature contains a 
perfect arsenal of forceful passages, highly useful in the fight 
against the atheistic Bolsheviks, and doubly suited for Bavaria, 
the home of the Oberammergau Passion Plays'. ' 

It must be remembered that at that time^the Party was 
fighting for what their program called "positive Christianity" , 
and that Rosenberg's anti-Christian book "The Myth of the Twen- 
tieth Century" had not yet been written. 

It was not long before Eitler began to use quotations 
from the Lutheran Bible. The National-Socialists at that time 
were opposed by many people to whom World War I had opened a new 
religious, pacifist ic outlook and Hitler's quotations evoked 
an especially warm response on the part of his audience. Soon 

- 42 - •<g£fctr: 

Hitler began to vary the "drummer pattern" to one of self -ident- 
ification with John the Baptist. 

Hitler used practioally the words of St. Matthew, call; 
himself a voice crying in the wilderness a nd describing his 
duty as having to straighten the path of him, who was. to lead 
the nation to power and glory. Passages like these made a 
tremendous impression on his audiences. They seemed to denote 
a disarming simplicity and modesty, reminiscent of Joan of Arc. 
In his ecstasies as an orator Hitler, like La Puoelle d'Orleans, 
seemed to hear voices from Valhalla from some Heiligland above - 
voices which ordered him to save Germany. 

Since 1933 the "drummer pattern" has been totally 

dropped, - the drummer having become the Fuehrer. Nazi 

historians even go so far as to deny altogether that Hitler 

used to call himself only "the drummer". They have falsified 

• r 

the Taots to such an extent that they claim it was Hitler's 

enemies not he himself who referred to him as a dr umm er - as 

a great drummer - in order to kill his chances for supreme 

leadership and that the reference to Hitler as the drummer was 


meant to have, a negative influence on his qualifications. 

Hitler and Messiah .- In the same way the "John the 

Baptist pattern" is muted entirely. Instead of that the 

TZ See Herman Laasch's book entitled "Two thousand years of 
German Revolution", p. 262 et seq . Leipzig, 1937. 

o-EGRfT — 

deifioation of Hitler is progressing steadily. In Dr. Sedgwick' 
belief if Sgypt should ever fall it would not be long before 
Hitler would visit the Oasis of Siva, as a second Alexander, a 

In order to combat Rosenberg* s atheistic tendencies 
Dr. Sedgwick frequently talked to Hitler, trying to prove to 
him how wrong It would be to continue In the attacks on Chris- 
tianity, as Christ himself could be termed the first socialist 
in tjie history of the world. The Bible and Christianity were 
far from played out in their hold on the imagination of the 
German people and that even in atheistic Paris, only sixteen 
years ago, a picture had been exhibited at the Paris salon durin, 
the summer of 1907 which showed Christ on the Cross v/Ith the cap- 
tion "Le Premier Socialists" , and not "Christ the Nazarene, King 
of the Jews". This over-life-size canvas made a /tremendous im- 
pression and the room in which it was exhibited was crowded v/ith 
officers, business men, students, priests - all Paris In fact 
including the demi-monde. 

Dr. Sedgwick told Hitler that if this Christ-Socialist 
had made such a deep impression in Paris it must have the same 
effect in Catholic Munich. He asked Hitler why he did not use 
this Christ-Socialist as a point of departure which would help 
to silence the clerical and pseudo-clerical opposition more than 
anything else. 

- 44 - a-diRET^ 

Hitler promised to think it over and undoubtedly con- 
sulted Rosenberg on the subject as the suggestion interested 
him deeply. To Dr. -Sedgwick's surprise Hitler used an entirely 
different pioture of. Christ. At a meeting soon, afterward instee 

of the. Christ-Sooialist he used the words: "I come to bring 


you not peaoe, but a sword." He used this phrase to rebut the 

pacifists 1 idea of eternal peace. 

Hitler's growing tendency to identify himself with the 

Messiah is shown in an incident which occurred in the. spring of 

1923. The " Muenohener Neueste Nachriohten " , the most widely 

read morning paper in Munich, published the story of Hitler's 

engagement to Dr. Sedgwick's sister Srna as a rumor. As this 

was a complete invention, Dr. Sedgwick consulted with Hitler 

as to the best method of refuting it. nitler was very much 

flattered by the rumor and when pressed said:- "I authorize 

• " f 

you hereby to tell the press that I shall never engage myself 

to a woman nor marry a woman. The only true bride for me is 
and always will be the German People." 

To anyone familiar with Christian literature the re- 
ference to Christ's true Bride, the Church, comes to mind. 
This makes absolutely clear Hitler's self- identification with 
the Messiah. 

Thus it is seen that Hitler's conception of the 
Messiah is not Christ crucified but Christ furious - Christ 
T~. Cl\ Earlier mention of uhrist with a scourge. 

with a scourge. The oonnection between Hitler as the Messiah 
with a scourge and Hitler the frustrated Narcissus did not 
occur to Dr. Sedgwick until very recently. However, it is 
unquestionably the formula by which the most incongruous fea- 
tures of Hitler the Man and Hitler the Statesman can be 
reconciled and. understood. Hitler oscillates constantly be- 
tween these two personifications. 

This explains Hitler's predilection for the word 
brutal (pronounced in German Brut ahl ) , which so often high- 
lights his speeches, and which he pronounces with especial 
vehemence. He places it with great stress at the end of a 
sentence and accompanies it with his fiercest expression. 

After he came into power, in 1933 » Dr. Sedgwick tried 
to make him see that in view of the fact that the. Party was 
now in power such demagogic words were really no longer 
necessary. Dr. Sedgwick wrote a letter to Hess on that sub- 
ject, warning him of the evil oonsequenoes of associating 
the word brutal with the Party because in German this word 
means "oruel" or "merciless" but in English means "savage" 
or "bestial". Millions of English-speaking people would read 
the word brutal and misunderstand it. The dangerous thing 
was that it was not being used by them but members of the 
Party who used this term. No attention was paid to this 
warning. The word "brutal" remained both in Hitler's vocabu- 
lary and in that of hundreds of his underlings. It became 
a cliche in all Nazi oratory. 

^B£6f}frf — 

Hitler and Cromwell .- Besides admiring Cromwell as an 

enemy of Parliamentarianism, Hitler admires him also as the 

enemy of universal franchise, of Communism, and of Roman 

Catholicism. . . 

In Oliver Cromwell he admires the self-appointed 
Dictator, the breaker of the British Parliament^, the oreator 
of the British Navy, and to a lesser degree, the military 

That Cromwell, the Puritan, had the courage to sign 


the death warrant of Charles I and have him' beheaded is of 
special and pathological interest. 

Hitler and Frederick the Great .- In regard to the life 
of Frederick the Great it is the early period, during which the 
young Prince is in violent opposition to his aged and stern 

soldier father, which has the greatest fascination for Hitler. 

. r 

The similarities of Frederick's own early life with that of 
Hitler's childhood are so obvious. Frederick's st.mggle against 
his father Frederick William I of Prussia and Hitler's own 
struggles with the brutal and whip-wielding Alois Schiokelgruber 
Hitler show clear similarities. But it is anomalous that in 
this (rare) case Hitler should side partially with the father. 

Dr. Sedgwick remembers that in the spring of 1923 
he took Hitler to see a then famous film "The Life of Frederick 
the Great." In one scene the tyrannical father ordered his 

T. In 1923 on the occasion of Hitler's birthday Dr. Sedgwick 
pointed out to Hitler that his birthday coincided with the 
date (April 20) when Cromwell closed Parliament. 

2. Cf. Hitler's Leitmotiv of 1930 "Heads will roll". 

-SEGftET - . 

son's French books and music burnt. When the Prinoe protested 
his father struck him in the face. Hitler sat enthralled. 

Dr. Sedgwick saw him nod vigorously when the Prinoe 
was brought back to his father after trying to escape his 
Spartan life as a Prussian soldier by absconding to England. 
The Prince's friend and abettor in this planned"- flight, Herr 


von Katte, was taken prisoner. The king order*- both of them 
tried before a military tribunal for high treason.. The 
tribunal decides that they shall both be imprisoned. 

The king enters the court room, reads the verdict 
aloud and says "Not good I " He then tears up the parchment 
and orders the court to condemn them to death. "Better that 
they die than that justice should fail." The young Prinoe is 

finally condemned to ohly two years in a fortress while Katte 

■ ' r 

is beheaded. 


In the big scene the scaffold is shown with the block 
the executioner, and the axe. Soldiers form a hollow square 
around it. Katte mounts the soaffold and the camera swings 
up to a window where the Prince, who has been ordered by his 
father to witness the execution, is standing. The two friends 
exchange glances. The drums roll. The young Prince collapses. 

When Dr. Sedgwick and Hitler left the theatre, 
Hitler whistled the theneof the Frederick - March. He 



- 48 - 

said that Albert Steinrueck (died 1929) nad played the part 
of tho father superbly. "It la irapoaing to think that old 
King would have beheaded his own son to enforce discipline. 
That is how all German youth will have to be brought up 
some day. That is the way German Justice should be handled. 
Either acquittal or beheading." 


Here again is the same leitmotiv: Itteads will roll." 

Another angle of the life of Frederick the Great 
which interested Hitler at the time was Frederick's tolerance 
in religious matters. It cannot be emphasized enough that 
prior to his imprisonment- in Landsberg Hitler was quite willing 
to copy Frederick's tolerant policy toward the Church, based 
on his famous phrase: "Let everyone travel to Heaven in his 
own fashion," 

Hitler and Blueoher .- Bluecher has always been a sourc 
of imspiratioh to Hitler. Bluecher was and remains the symbol 
of German Faith and Courage. The man is expressed in one word 
"Vorwaerts" (Onwards). Marshal Vorwaerts as Bluecher was called 
by the people, must be reagrded as the driving foroe against 
Napoleon. In 1923 when Dr. Sedgwick had played for almost 
two hours at a stretch to Hitler he suddenly said "Why don't 
you get somebody to write a film on Blueoher, Marshal Vorwaerts? 
He is one of the greatest Germans who has ever lived and more 

- 49 - 

Important to us today than Rembrandt or Goethe. Germans above 

all must bo brought up to bo oouragoous. It was Blueoher's 

courage and his technique of perpetual attack which made 

Napoleon lose his nerve at Leipzig and Waterloo, It -was the 

courage of that old man which turned the battle of Waterloo 

into a catastrophe." * 

Hitler and Napoleon.- In 1923 Hitler*s admiration. 

for Napoleon was an outstanding feature. This admiration 

sprang from several causes; his admiration for Napoleon as 

a man and as a German, and his admiration for Mussolini's 

suocess typifying a Bonaparte reincarnated. By 1932 Hitler's 

admiration for Napoleon had eclipsed his admiration of 

Frederick the Great because the latter typifies the end of 

a period while the former, the dominator of the revolutionary 


French and world chaos, seemed to offer an inspiring example 


in' an analogous fight against Bolshevism. 

Hitlor is more interested in Napoleon than by any 
other figure in European history. He is unwilling to admit 
this openly because it would not be good propaganda. The 
fact remains that Hitler has taken more leaves out of 
Napoj|eon f s book than from anywhere else. It is Napoleon the 
Jacobin and friend of the younger Robespierre, Napoleon 
the oonspirator, Napoleon the soldier, the propagandist, the 
coiner of phrases, the tyrant, the Imperator that interest 



Napoleon got France to follow him because he was 
an example and a leader. Napoleon realized that in order 
to become the leader .of the Prenoh nation he had to stick 
to a leader-pattern and had in turn to demand that his 
followers imitate his thoughts and actions. He thus created 
around him an ever-widening circle of people who fashioned 


themselves after him. In this way Napoleon became France 
and France Napoleon. Hitler has quite obviously taken note 
of this method. If Hitler is Germany, end if Hitler is 
Europe it is because the people who he gets to follow him 
are or have become little Hitlers. 

Other features oulled from the Napoleonic propa- 
ganda are Hitler's anti-Conservative, anti-Capitalistic and 

anti-Bourgeois attitude. Thus Hitler like Napoleon will ai- 
ways come out for the have-nots, for living labor as 


opposed to dead capital, and for those who have their fortunes 
to make. Like Napoleon Hitler comes out for youth, for the 
element which being on the make is aggressive, bold, and 
self-reliant. Like Napoleon Hitler will plead the cause 
of an inoreased birth rate. On the other hand Hitler follows 
Napoleon in his dislike for an old age point of view, his 
dislike of the rich, cultured class, because this olass, 
having something to lose, is timid and selfish, illiberal, 



sceptic, exclusive, reserved and immovable. Furthermore, 
this established class is not a growing thing, but on the 
contrary is diminishing in numbers. 

Heinrich Heine in talking of Napoleon used the 
phrase "Heroic Materialism**. Both Napoleon and Hitler 
are mechanical-minded men, who subordinate all intellectual 
and spiritual forces to means of material success. Both 
of them realized that to be successful and powerful as a 
nation it is necessary to raise the standard of living of 
the masses. Both are thoroughly modern and mechanistic, with 
the one difference that Napoleon refused Robert Fulton's 
scheme of the steamboat, while Hitler in Napoleon* s place 
would have probably asked some Goering for advice before, 
so doing. 


Then there is the newspaper-consciousness of both 
Hitler and Napoleon. Monopolizing the attention^of their 
contemporaries by adapting themselves to the mind of the 
masses . around them, both not merely became representatives 
but actually monopolizers and usurpers of other minds. Both 
felt themselves not only entitled to do this. They con- 
sidered this usurpation and plagiarism of other minds 
as their duty and normal function, bu arguing that these 

thoughts, which their presence and personality inspired, 
were as much their own as if they had said them. In fact 
they argued that thin adoption of other people's brain 
constituted ao to speak an act of final eternal -adoption. 
Their idea was that in repeating. a thought of others was a 
process of rebirth. 1 

In faot men of Napoleon's and Hitler's stamp almost 
ceast to h;.ve either private speech or opinion. They are so 
largely crowd-receptive and are so placed, that they oome 
to be the pooling reservoir for all contemporary intelligence 
information, malinformation, wit, prejudice and power. They 
listen and are listened to as the media of all wave-lengths 
of their day. Every sentence spoken by them is voicing 
merely what every man woman and child of the nation feels 
that they always felt before - but merely did nop know how 
to express. 

Hitler and Napoleon, being mediums of the innermost 
libido patterns of the principal sections of the nation, 
these great men are like avalanches. They devour everything 
in their path. Great men set their stamp on the times. So 
it happens that everything successful, memorable, witty and 
beautiful is credited to them and hitched onto their names. 

~$E6ftE-F — 


_„_ ^seRa — 

Bonaparte and Hitler at the height of their lives 

were the idols of common men (Babbitt type) because they have 
in a transcendant degree the qualities and powers of oommon 
men. Just as common men aim only at power and-wealth so 
Bonaparte and Hitler wrought in oommon with that great 
olass they represented, for power and wealth -••and did so - 
to the secret delight of the common men of their time, without 
any soruples as to the means. 

There is always a certain coquetterie in his voice 
when Hitler is speaking of his foreign aims and he would end 
his lengthy expose with the confession of his intention to 
realize his program without any regard to legal obligations. 

The saoro-egoismo of Mussolini taken from Napoleon* s 
notebook became a part of Hitler's vade-mecum. ^"If a thing 
is good for the Party a crime is no crime. If £t is good 
for Germany a crime is not crime." The common man hears this 
and thinks: "Is it not delightful to know, that while we 
poor suckers have to live acoording to the statutes, our 
leaders be it Napoleon, Mussolini or Hitler can infringe on 
the Law." 

It has been shown above how in consequence of the 
analogous roles of the French Revolution of 1789 and the 
Russian Revolution of 1917 the Napoleon type as conqueror of 


- 54 - 

revolutions has been reincarnated in Benito Mussolini and 
Adolf Hitler und how Napoleonic phrases, methods and mea- 
sures have filtered through Mussolini to Hitler. 

It must not be forgotten that sinoe Marshal Hinden- 
burg's death in 1934 Hitler has surpassed his former master 
Mussolini by 'beooming himself a de 'facto Empero^ , by playing 
to an end the role of oonfiscator of liberties.'" Thus the year 
1804 when Bonaparte made himself 3mperor and midsummer 1934 
correspond to each other. Both these years brought the 
confiscation of all powers of State, of all liberties of 
the individual. In both of these years there was noone to 
resist; it was as though all other solutions had been tried 
in vaini 

However, just as Mussolini was surpassed, so was 

Napoleon in his turn. The reason is this that while Napoleon 


only had his. army to rely upon, Hitler in addition to that 
is in full control of a nation-wide Gestapolitan network 
and Party bureaucracy. When Napoleon said "Moral sentiments 
are for women and little ohildren - and ideologists" he yet 
"was far from "toeing a 100$ dictator. Hitler has gone further 
than Napoleon. He has refused to make a concordat with the 
Churches or rather he has made it and refused to fulfill it. 
He has declared a total noral moratorium. If Hitler is re- 


- 55 - §eeftt — 

minded that such a course constitutes a violation of solemnly 

given promises and of the Party program of 1923 he answers 

in almost Naponeonic phraseology: "Y*e must not be weak and 

literary. We must act with solidity and precision which we 

owe to our holy national mission. I must follow my star." 

This frequent favorite allusion to his star ("Mein Stern"), 

to my destiny ("Moin Schicksal") and to Providence ("Die 

Vorsehung") are anything else but purely rhetorical Imitations 

of the Napoleonic jargon. They are a thing In which Hitler 

believes profoundly or rather a thing in which hehas accustomed 

himself to believe. 

"But," Dr. Sedgwick asked him in 1923: "What will 

you do, Herr Hitler, if something should happen which would 

prevent you from fulfilling your duties as Fuehrer. After 

all you could fall sick...." Hitler retorted: "If that 


should be the case or If I should die It would only be a 
sign that my star has run its course and my mission Is ful- 

A striking parallel and one whioh became dearer and 
clearer with every year is Hitler* s distrust and contempt for 
so-called "born kings". Napoleon - used to refer to them as 
the "hereditary asses," when he spoke for example about the 
Bourbons. Y/ith Hitler who started when young with a solid 



-^•SSHeri — — 

contempt for the Hapsburgs things have run a similar course. 
In the degree of his rising powers the Witt els bachs , the V.'ettins 
and the Hohenzollerns followed suit. "There is not one among 
them who could have been his own ancestor," Hitler says occ- 
asionally, using almost the identical phrase of Napoleon. 
Today the return of the Monarchy is in Germany an almost dead 


issue - that is as long as Hitler lives. His successor (Goe- 
ring?) might possibly feel himself obliged to restitute the 
Hollenzollerns. However, whether he would follow the direct 
line of descendance appears somewhat doubtful in Dr. Sedgwick's 
excellent memory there was a strong tendency as far back as 
1934 to choose possibly somebody from a collateral side, a 
descendant of the Kaiser's only daughter, the Duchess of 

Both Napoleon and Hitler never cease to fear legi- 
timate monarchists. That is why both of them so' frequently 
refer to the fatft they are flesh and creatures of the masses - 
that they are in fact identioal with the broad masses of the 
people. Both of them rose with the rabble and will fall with 
the rabble, because they are usurpers. To stay on top both of 
them use identical levers - interest and fear. In pursuing 
this course there is a further similarity. It is well-known 
that Napoleon considered himself the - "flagellum Dei.' ** .' That 
Hitler as early as the summer of 1923 began to talk of himself 
as the scourging Messiah of this world has already been ind- 
icated previously. 



- 57 - 

Preparation of Speech .- Time und time again Dr. Sedg- 
wiok has been asked how Hitler makes his speeches. Almost 
everyone he has talked to seems to have the idea that others 
write all his books Buch as " Mein Kampf ". This is absolutely- 

The fact is that Hitler suffers mono in the room when 
he is working over a speech. In olden times (1922 and 1923) Hit- 
ler did not dictate his speeches as he does today. It took him 
about four to six hours to make his plan on large foolsoap sheet: 
about ten or twelve in number. On each page were only a few 
words to be used as a cue. Hot more than, fifteen or twenty word* 
at the most. Hitler knew too well the danger of too copious 
notes for free delivery. 

While Hitler undoubtedly used to read many books, he 
rarely, if ever consulted them when laying out a ispeech. Often 
Dr. Sedgwick visited him when he was at work on a speech to de- 
liver him some speoial message. In the streets outside the red 
billboards would be covered with Hitler's giant posters ann- 
ouncing the meeting. He would be found in his room as usual 
wearing a simple brown jersey and thick-soled gray felt slip- 
pers. No book's i.- were on the table, no papers on the desk. 

Once in 1923 Hitler made an exception tq this rule. 
It was in the middle of July and he was to address orowds of 
visiting German "Turners", who had come from all over Germany, 
to attend the "Deutscher Turnertag" in Munich. Hitler wanted 

to make a special effort- He obtained a thick volume of von 
Clausewitz and fell so in love v/ith it that he took the book 
along to the Circus Krone. It was a disastrously hot day. . 
The cirous was stifling, like an overheated animal house in a 
zoo. In the middle of the speech when Hitler was just engrossed 
in exposing the importance of National enthusiasm and the fanat- 
ical zest of a people for an army, he pulled out his volume or 
von Clausewitz and began to read one - two - three- four pages. 
It almost seemed as though he had forgotten the audience which 
became more and more restive. When Hitler returned again to 
his OY/n speech the entire contact had to be reestablished anew. 
Realizing this Hitler immediately started the rhapsodic move- 
ment and saved the day by a brilliant ten minute finale. Since 
the experience Hitler has never taken a book with ^him on the 
platform. ■ 

When the hour of the meeting approaches, he walks up 
and down the room as though rehearsing in his mind the various 
phases of his argument. During this time telephone calls come 
pouring in. It was often Christian Weber, Max iuaann or Hermann 
E8ser, who would tell Hitler how things were going In the hall. 
Hitler* s typical question on the telephone would be: "Are there 
many people coming? What is the general mood? ("Wie 1st die 
Stimmung?"). Will there be any opposition?". 

Then flitler would five directions concerning the handl- 
ing of the meeting while they were waiting for him. Then he 
would hang up the telephone and resume his walk, sometimes 
listening in an absent-minded way to some conversation- in the 
room. Then the telephone would ring again only to repeat a 
similar conversation to the above. Half an hoim after the open- 


ing of the meeting Hitler would ask for his overcoat, whip and 
hat and go out to his car preceded by his bodyguard and chauffeur 

Entranoe .- Even if Hitler wears civilian clothes, his 
appearance has a military bearing. He has nothing of the- over- 
familiar style of certain demagogues. He .takes no notice of 
anyone on the way in as he strides throught the crowd to the 
podium. He keeps his eyes on the S.S. and S.A. formations with 
the flags. The sole exceptions to' this since 1932 are when some 
child is shoved in his way to hand him a bouquet of flowers. He 
will take the flowers with the left hand and pat £he child on the 
cheeks. The whole thing takes him only a few seconds. Then he 
passes the bouquet to Schaub or Brueckner and passes on. 

Interruptions .- Any interruption on the way in or. on 
the way out which does not involve mother and child is apt ot 
arouse Hitler's ire. Woe to the unlucky S.S. Commander, who 
is responsible for such a leakage. Dr. Sedgwick remembers that 
in 1932 near Eoenigsberg Hitler was on his way out of a stadium. ... 

-SEGftET — 

. 6o - -SESR-a-— 


and a middle-aged hysterical woman suddenly blocked his way, 
knelt down before him and tried to thrust Into his hand a 
scroll of revelations she olaimed to have received from the 
other world. Hitler shouted at Brueokner In a furious way: 
"Get this crazy woman out of the way". Hitler was in a bad 
temper the whole of that evening. 

Speech .- Quite often somebody makes a speech to fill 
in the time until. Hitler arrives. Hitler does not care who 
talks before, him but he absolutely refuses to have anybody talk 
after him. There is always inspiring martial music both before 
and after his speeches. 

When Hitler stepped forward he used to plaoe his sheet 
of notes on a table at his left and after he looked at them he 
would lay them over on. a table on his right . Each page used to 
take him from ten to fifteen minutes. When he had finished he 
slowly plaoed it on the other table, took a new £.eaf and started 
on. His usual time for a speech was from two to two and a half 
hours, even three hours was not unusual. That was before his 
throat trouble started and, he used even to drink beer from a 
mug from time to "time, which in Munich was always the signal 
for some special applause. 

Posture .- Dr. Sedgwick who has sat behind Hitler Upon 
innumerable occasions watching him closely and only a few feet 
away from him, observed that he starts in a position of military 


- 61 - 

attention. Thia posture ia maintuinod some fifteen - twenty - 
twenty-five minutes as the case may be. All this time the 
heels of his boots remain firmly together, There is not a 
second of relaxation. The whole figure is one of absolute 
firmness, including shoulders and head. Hitler* s hands are 
clasped behind his back and the arms are stretched while he 


draws a caustic and chastising exposition of the. past and 
present. It is the style he probably aoquired:.: in 1919 and 
following years, when serving as a non-commissioned instructor 
at the Munich barracks. 

It is a period of discipline for himself and the 
audience and corresponds in many ways to the tradition among 
concert pianists to open their programs with a few selections 
from Bach. After twenty minutes out comes the foot for the first 
time and gestures follow with the hands. From then on things 
begin to liven up. Compared to a piece of music I&tler's 
speeches consist two thirds of march time growing increasingly 
quicker and leading into the last third which is matter of 
fact with increasingly ironic sidelights. As is well-known 
he suffers no Interruptions nor heckling;. 

Knowing that a continuous presentation by one speaker 
would be boring he impersonates in a masterful way an imaginary 
Hitler often interrupting himself with a counter-argument and 
then returns to his original line of thought, after he has 
smothered completely this imaginary opponent. This furnishes 

the audienoe with a little special drama, often interrupted by 
volleys of spontaneous applause, yet Hitler does not strictly 
speaking seek for applause. He seems often to be wanting only 
to oonvert the people to his ideas and is resentful of any 
premature noise, which interrupts him. If the applause goes on 
too long in his opinion he will check it and cut it short, some- 
times even at its inception, by a motion with a v trembling hand. 

All enthusiasm must be saved up for the third part of 
his speeoh, which he sweeps from exhortation, promise, dedica- 
tion into the rhapsody finale. The tempo livens. Staccato 
outbursts become .more frequent and the speech converges towards 
its apotheosis. Hitler has already been shown as a Narcissus 
type who regards the crowd as a substitute medium for the woman 
he cannot find. Once this is understood, that speaking for him 

represents the satisfaction of some depletion urge, the pheno- 

" r 

menon of Hitler as an orator beoomes intelligible. • With Hitler 
it is a double prooess of depletion and parturition. His 
arguments are the depletion element k the applause, homage and 
ovation of the audienoe are the child that is born. In the 
last eight to ten minutes Hitler's oratory resembles an orgasm 
of words. It is almost like the throbbing fulfillments of a 

love drama Liebestod . 

Oratory . - It has often been said by people who read 
Hitler's speeches: "Why that is old stuff, we have heard that 
before," if these same critics hear him in person they would 

- 63 - 

say: "It is remarkable that when one henrs Hitler all seems as 
though it were new and said for the first time. And yet one 
knows that one has heard it before, but somehow it seems new 
and has a new meaning. ** 

There is undoubtedly something in common between 
Hitler* s speech and Wagner's music. Inf inite'fariations of 
known leitmotivs repeated over and over producing a new ear 

Hitler has a quality which no German orator has 

hitherto possessed. He uses the two half truths of Nationalism 

and Socialism simultaneously Just as a composer will use 

melody and base to produce the complete contrapuntal picture. 

This gift is given to none of his rivals nor opponents. He is at 

simultaneously to appeal to the ideal and mystical sphere and 


to the concrete animal sphere. 


The truth is that the greatness of an 'orator like 
that of a poet must in the final analysis be Judged by what 
he does not say and yet does not leave unsaid. This gives a 
chanoe for the audience to feel the unexpressed, the inexpress- 
ible, themselves. This is what Wagner in a letter to Matilda 
Wesendonk has called "the art of s ounding silence". 

Frau Magda Goebbels in a mixture of truth, affeota- 
tion and flattery onoe said to Hitler: "You were wonderful 
again yesterday. It makes me feel so ashamed of myself. I 
always think that I am a National-Socialist and yet when I 



hear- you I reel that I haven't been a National-Socialist all 
this time - that I am just beginning to be one. It all seems 
so hew to me, as though it were my first oonversion from my 
former life." 

This conversation took place at the luncheon table 
in the Jleiohskanzlei in 1934. At the time Dr. "S>dgwiok took 
it as a piece of .shameless and nauseating flattery, which 
was swallowed avidly by Hitler. Since then Dr. Sedgwick feels 
that is contains a grain of truth, if analysed in the spirit 
of the letter of Wagner's quoted above. 

Speaking of Hitler's technique of arguing publioly 

with himself he once 3aid to Dr. Sedgwiok the following: n"We 

must never forget that words and their meaning are two subtly 

distinct things. The word remains the same but the meaning 


changes. If, for instance, you repeat a word a number of times 

' r 


the human mind refuses to reproduce the same thought picture." 

The human mind indeed insists on verying that thought- 
picture sometimes even to a degree of the absolute opposite. 
Q,uite aside from this fact we can notice every day that familiar 
words which are used in argument have almost ceased to convey 
a plastic idea. There is a special type of educated German 
lingo which is almost entirely made up of such words. That 
type of out-of-date professorial German ( Prof es a o r en-Deut s oh ) 
is the cause of the daoy of bourgeois parties like the 
Hugenberg Party. 


"The crowd is not only like a woman, but v/omen con- 
stitute the moat Important element in an audience. The women 
usually lead, then follow the children - and at last, when I 
already have won over the whole family - follow the fathers." 

A speaker may never take for granted : that the audionc^ 
understands what he says. Like an architeot who must draw a 


groundplan as well as an elevation, so a speeker who wants to b< 
really understood by the broad masses must supplement his. state- 
ment that a thing is so: and so (thesis) with a further argument 
which shows in which way the thing described is not so and so 
(antithesis) . 

This seoond inverted and negative presentation fur- . 

nishes the necessary complementary colors to the argument 

picture Ho. 1. The result Is that the whole thing stands out 


in dramatic relief. The masses grasp the idea and it has 
become their own (synthesis). 

Needless to say part No. 2 is the most difficult 
section of a speech. If it Is done in a dry way the speech 
becomes a sermon and will bore the people. It is therfore 
advisable to treat this part in the form of ironical side- 
lights, naively put in, almost in dialogue fashion. The effeot 
on the audience Is to make them understand without effort and 
the speaker can proceed with confidence to the next subject. 


- 66 - — ' : / ■ • ■ 

"Some people say that I repeat myself so often," 
said Hitler. "I tell you one oannot repeat a thing too often. 
That presupposes that a speaker is really a speaker and under- 
stands the art of endlessly varying the main point. In that 
respect Wagner is my model. Besides people forget that even 

the story of Christ, which was certainly sold to- the world 


public, was reported by four evangelists in verjc: much the same 
way. The slight difference here and there In substance and 
temperamental oolorlng far from bewildering and tiring the 
listener have helped to convince him." 

End of Speech .- Hitler said: "To end a speech well 
is the most difficult thing to accomplish; Tou must know what 
you want to say, you must know what you do not want to say." 

"It is always a new experiment, and one must know 

exactly by feeling the reaction of the audience when the moment 

has come to throw the last flaming javelin which ^ets the crowd 

afire and sends it home with a leading idee buzzing in their 

heads. One can see exaotly how far the audience has become 

fascinated If the heads in the gallery and elsewhere move back 

and forth. This is a sign that the* speaker has as yet no grip 

on his audience. One sees that a lot of that is one of the 


reasons I oannot listen to other people speak." 

T~. The only man Hitler can bear to listen to speaking is 


Avoidance of Names of Personages .- While speaking 

Hitler carefully avoids mentioning the names of personages 

either dead or alive. For in3tanoe instead of saying "Bismarck 

once said..." Hitler will say "The Iron Chancellor...." 

Instead of saying: "This is a debt we owe to General Ludendorff, 

Hitler will say: "To Germany's Great Quart erma&fcer of the World 


War we owe..." Schiller and Goethe are never referred to by name 
but always as an unnamed great poet. The only exception he 
makes to this rule is Richard Wagner. 

Exit Technique .- When Hitler's speeoh has reached its 
orgiastic end, the final stage which might be termed the -apo- 
theosis of the meeting takes place. The band plays the national 
anthem (Deutsohland ueber Alles) (National-ism) followed by the 
Horst Wessel song (National-Socialism). Without waiting Hitler 
salutes to the right and left and leaves during the playing. 
He usually reaches his car before the singing is £ver. Whether 
consciously or unconsciously done this sudden withdrawal has a 
number of advantages. In addition to facilitating his exit 
unmolested to his car, it prevents the exaltation of the crowd 
from going to waste. It saves him from unwelcome Interviews 
and leaves intaot the apotheosis picture that the public has 
received from the end of his speeoh. Hitler once said to Dr. 
Sedgwiok: "It is a great mistake many speakers make, to hang 
around after their speech is over. It only leads to an anti- 
climax and sometimes it might even happen that arguments arise 
which could completely undo the hours of oratGrlal labor." 


Then turning to a comparison with the thoatro he said 
"I never liked it when actors after finishing their roles took 
curtain calls. It murders the illusion when a Hamlet or a 
Tristan who has just died magnificently on the stage reappear 
to smile and bow to the applause of the audience-. Of course. 


the professional actors will t ell you that they^live by this 
applause and the number of encores determine their standing in 
their profession. Riohard Wagner was dead right when he pro- 
hibited all encore curtain calls for the f estspielhaus perform- 
ances in Bayreuth. It is and remains a profanation." 

Hitler* s theory was that one must always have the 
courage to leave any gathering as soon as- one feels that the 
climax is reached; never, never wait to see what impression 
has been made which is a sign of inner cowardice and lack of 
confidence. * 

Hitler's habit of leaving the hall abruptly during 
the first moments of tbe ovation has helped to shroud him 
with an almost austioal quality of unearthliness. The man 
without a home, the Flying Dutchman, Lohengrin's exit in 
shining armor, the untouohability of Pelleas, which transforms 
the various women types in the audience into so many longing 
Elsasj Sentas and Melisandes.